This encyclopedia is a product of independent activities in the Library Section, Registration and Documentation Sector, National Museum in Indonesia. This encyclopedia aims to convey information in the library from library materials to the public online. Starting from the frequently asked questions to library material processors regarding collection information in the showroom, this encyclopedia was created, so that people can know the collection information directly. The information provided is based on the availability of books, as well as data collected from existing library materials, also data data that is spread openly ( public domain ) from the internet through online catalogs of libraries in Indonesia and Outside Indonesia. The source of information can be tracked from 'cite' / footnote and bibliography listed - link at the bottom of each page.
- 1 History
- 2 Museum and Library Facilities
- 3 Reference
Voc to Netherland Indisch
According to Hoop  (1948 p. 7) the development of scientific associations in the archipelago began with an intellectual revolution known as the age of Enlightenment in Europe . According to Kinderen  (1878 pp. 1-15) to channel these scientific ideas and ideas in Dutch Haarlem in 1752, a Dutch scientific association was established (De Hollands Maatschappij der Wetenschappen). As a result of the influence of scientific developments in Europe and the founding of the association, European collectors in Indonesia later established a scientific institution called the Bataviaasch Genootschap (BG) on April 24, 1778.
BG was established to develop research in the fields of art, science especially in the fields of biology, physics, archeology, literature, ethnology and history. Written in Gedenkboek (1878) BG has the slogan "Ten Nutte van het Algemeen" (for the benefit of the general public). One of the founders of BG, namely Jacobus Cornelis Mattheus Radermacher (directur) which was extra ordinair van Nederlands-Indie . Cornelis allegedly donated a house belonging to him on Jalan Kalibesar, a trading area in the old city of Jakarta (oud Batavia) now Jakarta City. In addition, he also donated a number of collections of books and cultural objects, Cornelis's contribution was the source of material / objects at BG in the future. Cornelis arrived in Batavia on August 21, 1767, registered as an employee of the Court of Justice at the Chamber of Amsterdam in Batavia. Besides Cornelis, there were several individuals who were leaders who had a role in the founding of BG in 1778. Can be known from within Gedenkboek (1778) Figures other than Cornelis are Jacob de Meijer who work as "Interca Advocaat Fiscaal Pro", Josua van Inperen work as "Predictant", Johannes Hooijman works as a "Predictant", Sirardus Bartlo works as "Schepen", Willem van Hogendorp works as "Koopman", Hendrik Nicolaas Lacle as "Koopman", Jacobus van der Steeg works as "Practizijn", Egbert Blomhert works as a "Notary", Paulus Gevers works as "Koopman onder" each of them acts as "Dirigeender Lenden" / Director and Frederik Baron van Wurmb works as "Onder Koopman" acting as Secretary.
In the past the Batavia Genootschap Van Kunsten En Wetenschapen was still in the shadow of the protection of the Government of the Kingdom of Orange (dutch) and the United Kingdom, because the Bataviaasch Genotshcap van Kunsten en Wetenschapen was a Multinational Art and Scientific Organization concerned with research, science and art.
In 1784 BG was Protected by Reyner de Klerk  he also a Gouvenur Generaal van Nederlansch Indie. Organizational membership in this period consists of Directeureun (Group of Directors), voorzittend Directeur (Group of Main Directors), Dirigeerende Leden (Permanent Member), Ordinairi Leden (Ordinary Member), Leden Extraordinaire (Extraordinary Member).
In 1811  -1816 became the period of the Lieutenant Governor General's leadership Thomas Stamford Raffles part of the British Kingdom government in Java which also led BG. Thomas Stamford Raffles (hereafter Raffles) has an interest in the field of science, especially about botany, geology, history, and archeology. The development of the collection turned out to make the building in Kalibesar narrower. So that Raffles later proposed to build a new association building at Socitëit De Harmonie (on Jalan Majapahit No. 3 now: and rebuilt into the State Secretariat Building).
From 1816 to 1923 the Bataviaasch Genootschap was regularly held by the government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In the span of this year there was also the third move of the building which was used as a center for the study and research of BG scientists. Bagunan was moved to the westplaten / west road of the field (Now Jalan Medan Merdeka Barat).
In 1923, the Bataviaasch Genootschap was awarded by the Dutch Empire so that the name BG was given an additional "Koninklij" by the kingdom. The award was related to BG's long-standing efforts to preserve the culture of the colonies. This name lasted until 1950 after independence. Subsequently in 1950, along with the independence of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, BG made a name adjustment to become the Indonesian Cultural Institute and was led by Raden Hoesein Djayaningrat until 1962.
Handover to the Government of Indonesia
In 1962 was a new age in the management of BG. BG was handed over to the sovereign Indonesian government for the first time. This submission is the full surrender in the assets and people working in it, the surrender was made to the Ministry of Education and Culture.
Change of Name of Museum and Expansion of Institutions
At this time, the name of the Indonesian Cultural Institute (hereafter ICI) changed to the Central Museum. ICIs are submitted to the Government of the Republic of Indonesia in the auspices of the Ministry of Education and Culture and hereinafter referred to as the Central Museum (hereinafter CM). At that time the CM was led by Amir Sutaarga. Amir Sutaarga was previously the secretary of the ICI, and his leadership lasted until 1976.
In 1976 there was a change of leadership back to the CM. In that year CM was led by Bambang Sumadio until 1984, in his leadership the name CM changed to the National Museum Ministry of Education and Culture in 1979. Continued by Teguh Asmar from 1984 to 1987, Next Suwati Kartiwa from 1988 to 1998 and Sri Endang Hardiati in 1998-2003. From 1976 to 1988, there was a process of developing and separating organizations that gave birth to a stand-alone National Library . Since then the National Museum has been running the collections, but some of the library collections are still in the museum and are used to promote information about the collections in the museum.
Main Organizational Change
Not only changes from the name that often happened to the National Museum in the past. Changes in parent organization also often occur. From 2003 to 2010 the National Museum had moved from the parent of the Ministry of Education and Culture to the Ministry of Tourism and Culture. In this period the National Museum was sequentially led by Intan Mardiana from 2004 to 2005, followed by Retno Sulistianingsih S from 2005 to 2011, in 2010 at his leadership National Museum was transferred to the Ministry of Education and Culture
In 2011, the National Museum, Director General of Culture, Ministry of Education and Culture was led by Gatot Ghautama from 2011 to 2012, then replaced by Intan Mardiana back from 2012 to 2017 and finally in mid 2017 until now led by Siswanto In Siswanto's change activities, there have been several changes in the management of the National Conference, further articles regarding management changes can be seen in the article on the Implementation of National Museum Organizations: Management Strategies in Community Services . National Museum is a Government Work Unit that has an Echelon IIb level, under the direct coordination of the Director General of Culture .
History of Leadership
- Jacobus Cornelis Mattheus Radermacher (1778-1784) Batavian Society
- Reyner de Klerk (1784-1811) Batavian Society
- Thomas Stamford Raffles (1811-1816) Literaty Sosciety
- (1816-1923) Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences
- (1923-1950) Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences
- Hoesein Djayaningrat (1950-1962) Indonesian Cultural Institute
- Amir Sutaarga (1962-1979) Central Museum of the Ministry of Education and Culture
- Bambang Sumadio (1979-1984) National Museum of the Ministry of Education and Culture
- Teguh Asmar (1984-1987) National Museum of the Ministry of Education and Culture
- Suwati Kartiwa (1988-1998) National Museum of the Ministry of Education and Culture
- Sri Endang Hardiati (1998-2003) National Museum of the Ministry of Education and Culture
- Intan Mardiana (2004-2005) National Museum of the Ministry of Tourism and Culture
- Retno Sulistianingsih S (2005-2010) National Museum of the Ministry of Tourism and Culture
- Retno Sulistianingsih S (2011) National Museum of the Ministry of Education and Culture
- Gatot Ghautama (2011-2012) National Museum of the Ministry of Education and Culture
- Intan Mardiana (2012-2017) National Museum of the Ministry of Education and Culture
- Siswanto (2017-present) National Museum of the Ministry of Education and Culture
Museum and Library Facilities
The National Museum Facility is divided into three (3) Building functions, namely: Exhibition Collection and Office, Visible Warehouse and Technical Guidance (settlement process), and also Museum Archives (settlement process) ) The building that functions for the Collection Exhibition located on Jalan Medan Merdeka Barat consists of 3 buildings. Building A is a Heritage building that stands to the south, Building B which stands to the north, and Building C (settlement process) located in East Building B. Year 2019 Building A and Building B   functions as a [[Exhibition Collection and Office] Building], in this building there are museum collections consisting of classifications Prehistoric Collections, Archaeological Collections, Collections Numismatic, Textile Collection, Ethnographic Collection, History Collection and Geography Collection. The collections are spread over two buildings and adapted to the space theme exhibiting the museum. In 2018 in August there were one hundred and ninety six thousand three hundred seventy six (196,376) collections at the National Museum, such things were inseparable from the collection activities that had been running year after year. Recorded earlier in 1982  there were eighty thousand (80,000) collections, in 1993  there were approximately one hundred nine thousand three hundred fifty three (109,353).
Besides the exhibition, the National Museum also provided a library. The National Museum Library is located in the Exhibition Building collection, precisely in Building B. It consists of two library service points including html digital library on the first floor (1) and print library on the sixth floor (6). This library service flow can be seen as follows:
Pustaka or called the National Museum Library has been around since the establishment of BG as mentioned in the history section. This library was once the oldest library in Indonesia  and Southeast Asia , but since being separated from the sections in the National Library, it is now different. Library conditions in the past can still be found, such things can be proven from the existence of existing Library Materials.
The Library Material is a collection of libraries managed by the Library Section for Registration and Documentation in the National Museum(2019) such as the Van de Algemeene en Directievergaderingen, Tijdschrift Voor Indische taal Land en Volkekunde Uitgegaven Door Het Koninklij, Verhandelingen Een studie van het Timoreesche Dooden Ritueel, Rapporten van den Oudheidkundigen Dienst in Nederlandsch - Indie, Oudheidkundig Verslag , Dagh Register Gehouden int Casteel Batavia, Catalogus van de Boeginese and Jaarboek. The existence of these rare books exists and is still managed in conjunction with other cultural books. Apart from Nederland Indie (source) books, there are also books on cultural themes and museums. The National Museum Library is a special library that is open to the public, library collections of National Museum Library collections totaling twenty seven thousand two hundred twenty two (27,222 (January 2018)) copies. A total of ten thousand five hundred and fifty nine (10,559) copies are legacy material from the Bataviaasch Genootschap and Indonesian Cultural Institute, the rest are books obtained post surrender of Indonesian Cultural Institutions to the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia in 1969. These books can be accessed in the online catalog even though the amount of data is not as much as the real number, at the beginning of 2019 there were four thousand seven hundred seventy-five (4,775) titles / copies already filed, that number still 9% of the total copies.
At present (2019) the National Museum Library tries to improve its use of an online-based Information System by synergizing library functions as a source of information and collections that exist in the Museum or that spread in other libraries in Indonesia such as Catalog of Integrated Library Director General of Culture, Union Catalog with the Ministry of Culture and Catalog of Indonesia National Library One Search, so that knowledge can be provided for people who visit the museum collection room and find out descriptions of each collection.
- Hoop, A.N.J Th. A Th. Van Der. (1948). Short Guide To The Museum. Royal Batavia Society Of Arts And Science. Batavia.
- Genootschap, Bataviaasch. (1778). Gedenkboek: Het Bataviaasch Genootschap Van Kunsten En Wetenshappen, Gerurende De Eerste Eeuw Van Zijn Bestaan 1778-1878. Deel I. Batavia. Ernst & Co
- Verhandelingen Van Het Bataviaasch Genootschap, Der Konsten en Wetenschappen, Tweede Deel-MDCCLXXXIV. . Batavia.
- Verhandelingen Van Het Bataviaasch Genootschap, Der Konsten En Wetenschappen, VII. DEEL 1814. Batavia.
- Noranda, Alfa. (2018). Organizing National Museums: Management Strategies in Community Services. National Museum. Jakarta
- Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture No. 37 of 2016 concerning Details of the Tasks of the National Museum
- (1982/1983 ) Guidelines for Developing National Museums. Ministry of Education and Culture of the National Museum. Jakarta
- (1993/1994). Guidelines for Developing National Museums. Ministry of Education and Culture Directorate General of Culture National Museum. Jakarta
- (1979). Pedoman Singkat Perpustakaan Museum Nasional. Museum Nasional. Jakarta
- (1973). Pedoman Singkat Untuk Mengunjungi Museum Nasional, Jakarta. Jakarta Pusat
- Wartowikrido, Wahyono. (2006). Cerita Dari Gedung Arca, Serba-Serbi Museum Nasional Jakarta. Masup Jakarta dan Kundika. Jakarta